“Fire damage is not just the destruction of property, it is the devastation of memories, the loss of irreplaceable possessions, and the shattering of lives.”BCT

Fires can be devastating and the aftermath can be overwhelming. Smoke damage is a common problem that homeowners face after a fire. Smoke can penetrate every nook and cranny of your home, leaving behind unpleasant odors and discoloration. In this article, we’ll provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to clean up smoke damage after a fire.

Steps to Clean After A Fire Damage:

How To Clean Up Smoke Damage After A Fire

Step 01: Safety First

The first step in cleaning up smoke damage after a fire is to ensure your safety. Make sure the fire is completely out and the area is safe to enter. Wear protective clothing and a mask to avoid inhaling harmful chemicals and soot particles. If you don’t know how to protect yourself or stay risk-free in the affected area, we recommend calling a professional fire/cleaning service to make the work done.

Step 02: Ventilate the Area

Ventilation is an important step in the fire cleanup process because it helps to remove smoke and soot from the air and improve indoor air quality. Good ventilation can also help to reduce the severity of smoke odors and prevent the spread of smoke residue to other areas of your home. To ventilate the area after fire damage, you can follow these steps:

01. Open windows: Open windows allow fresh air to circulate in the affected area. If the weather is suitable, keep windows and doors open to promote ventilation.

02. Use fans: Place fans in the windows to help circulate air and remove smoke and soot from the air. You can also use portable air cleaners or air purifiers to help improve indoor air quality.

03. Turn off heating and cooling systems: If your heating and cooling systems were running during the fire, they may have circulating smoke and soot throughout your home. Turn off these systems and have them professionally cleaned before using them again.

04. Seal off the affected area: If possible, seal off the affected area from the rest of your home to prevent the spread of smoke and soot. Use plastic sheeting or other barrier materials to create a separation between the affected area and the rest of your home.

Step 03: Clean Surfaces

After ventilating the area, clean the surfaces. We wrote 05  easy ways that you should prefer while cleaning damaged surfaces.

01. Remove soot: Use a dry, soft-bristled brush or vacuum cleaner to remove loose soot from surfaces. Be careful not to spread the soot or create more dust.

02. Clean surfaces: Use a mild detergent solution and a clean microfiber cloth to wash surfaces. For tough-to-clean surfaces, such as walls, you can use a solution of trisodium phosphate (TSP) and water. Rinse the surface thoroughly with clean water and let it dry.

03. Degrease: If there is grease or oil on the surface, use a degreaser to remove it. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application and use.

04. Sanitize: Use a solution of water and a disinfectant to sanitize the surfaces. Let the solution sit on the surface for the recommended amount of time before rinsing it off.

05. Seal porous surfaces: If the surface is porous, such as concrete or brick, you may need to seal it to prevent smoke odors from penetrating. Use a sealant that is specifically designed for smoke damage. Again remember, it’s important to wear protective gear, such as gloves and a mask when cleaning after a fire to avoid exposure to harmful chemicals and particulates.

Why Need You To Clean Surfaces After Fire Damage?

It’s important to clean surfaces after a fire because soot and smoke residue can be hazardous to your health and can cause long-term damage to your property.

  • Health hazards: Soot and smoke residue can contain harmful chemicals and particulates that can cause respiratory problems and other health issues. Cleaning surfaces will help to remove these contaminants and improve indoor air quality.
  • Property damage: If soot and smoke residue are not removed, they can penetrate porous surfaces, such as concrete and brick, and cause permanent staining and discoloration. They can also cause corrosion and damage to metal surfaces.

Step 04: Tackle Smoke Odor

Tackle Smoke Odors: Clean After A Fire Damage
Credit: afterdisasterofcharlotte.com

Smoke odors can be difficult to remove, but there are several ways to tackle them. One method is to use odor-absorbing products like baking soda. You can also use essential oils like lemon, lavender, or eucalyptus to help freshen the air. Or you can use commercial products to deodorize your area such as:

01. Activated charcoal: Activated charcoal is a natural odor absorber that can help neutralize smoke odors. It can be found in pellet form or as a filter for air purifiers.

02. Ozone generators: Ozone generators produce ozone, a gas that can effectively neutralize smoke odors. However, ozone can be harmful to humans and pets, so it’s important to use ozone generators with caution and only when the affected area is unoccupied.

03. Enzyme-based cleaners: Enzyme-based cleaners contain microorganisms that break down and neutralize smoke odors. These cleaners can be effective but may require multiple applications.

04. Deodorizing sprays: Deodorizing sprays specifically designed for smoke odor can be effective in neutralizing the smell. Some popular options include odor counteractants that use a combination of fragrances and neutralizing agents to eliminate smoke odors.

Step 05: Clean Textiles

If textiles have been affected by fire damage, it is important to clean them as soon as possible to minimize any permanent damage. Here are 04 steps you can follow to clean textiles after a fire:

  1. Dry cleaning: Most textiles can be safely cleaned through dry cleaning. This method is effective for removing soot and smoke residue from delicate materials, such as silk and wool.
  2. Wet cleaning: For textiles that cannot be dry cleaned, wet cleaning may be an option. This method involves using a mild detergent and water to gently remove soot and smoke residue.
  3. Baking soda: Sprinkle baking soda on the affected textiles to help absorb any odors. Leave the baking soda on the textiles for a few hours before brushing it off.
  4. Vinegar: Mix equal parts white vinegar and water in a spray bottle and use it to mist the affected textiles. The vinegar helps neutralize the smoke odor.

Step 06: Hire a Professional Cleaning Service

If the fire damage is severe or you are unsure of how to clean or restore the area, consider hiring a professional fire damage restoration or a cleaning company. They have the expertise and equipment to effectively clean smoke damage and restore your home to its original condition.

You Can Read: Bona Floor Cleaner 


What are the common causes of smoke damage?

Smoke damage is caused by fires and the smoke that results from them. The smoke can penetrate deep into surfaces and textiles, leaving behind unpleasant odors and discoloration.

How long does it take to clean up smoke damage after a fire?

The length of time it takes to clean up smoke damage after a fire depends on the extent of the damage. For minor smoke damage, it may take a few days to a week to clean up. For more extensive damage, it may take several weeks or even months.

Is it possible to remove smoke odors completely?

It is possible to reduce smoke odors, but it may be difficult to remove them completely. The key is to act quickly and use a combination of cleaning methods to tackle the odors.


Cleaning up smoke damage after a fire can be a challenging task, but it’s not impossible. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can effectively remove smoke odors and restore your home to its original condition.

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