Coral is a stunning and unique material that has been used for centuries in jewelry, art, and home decor. However, like any natural material, coral requires proper care and maintenance to preserve its beauty and longevity.

If you’re lucky enough to own a piece of coral, you may be wondering how to clean and care for it.

Identifying Your Coral

First, identify the type of coral you have. There are two main types of coral: hard and soft. Hard coral is the type commonly found in jewelry and decorative pieces, while soft coral is usually found in aquariums.

To identify your coral, look at the surface texture and pore structure. Hard coral will have a hard, rough surface and small pores and soft coral will have a smooth surface and larger, more visible pores.

How to Clean Hard Coral?

How to Clean Hard Coral?

Cleaning hard coral is an important task that should be done carefully and properly to ensure the health and longevity of the coral. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to clean hard coral:


Before you start, gather all the necessary equipment. You will need a clean soft-bristled toothbrush, a bucket of saltwater or dechlorinated freshwater, and gloves to protect your hands.

Observe the coral:

Take a close look at the coral to identify any areas that need cleaning. You may notice algae, sediment, or other debris on the coral’s surface. Be gentle when cleaning the coral, as it can be easily damaged.

Gently scrub the coral:

Dip the toothbrush in saltwater or dechlorinated freshwater and gently scrub the affected areas of the coral.

Use a light circular motion to remove any algae or debris without damaging the coral’s surface.

Rinse the coral:

Once you have scrubbed the coral, rinse it thoroughly with saltwater or dechlorinated freshwater. This will help to remove any debris that may have been loosened during the cleaning process.

Inspect the coral:

After rinsing the coral, inspect it closely to ensure that you have removed all the debris. If there are still areas that need cleaning, repeat the scrubbing process.

Dispose of the water:

Once you have finished cleaning the coral, dispose of the saltwater or dechlorinated freshwater appropriately. Do not pour it down the drain, as this can harm the environment.


To prevent the buildup of debris on your hard coral, regularly clean and maintain your aquarium. Keep an eye on the coral’s growth and health, and take action if you notice any signs of distress or disease.

How to Clean Soft Coral?

How to Clean Soft Coral?

Soft coral, also known as Alcyonacea, is a type of coral that lacks a hard skeleton and is instead made up of a soft, fleshy material. This material is easily damaged by rough handling.

So it’s important to follow the right steps when cleaning it.


Before you begin cleaning, make sure you have all the necessary materials. You’ll need a small bucket or container, a soft-bristled brush, and a mild cleaning solution.

Avoid using harsh chemicals or soaps, as these can damage the coral.

Gently remove debris:

Soft coral is prone to collecting debris, such as sand or small rocks. Use a soft-bristled brush to gently remove any debris from the coral. Be careful not to brush too hard, as this can damage the delicate coral.

Rinse with saltwater:

After removing debris, rinse the soft coral with salt water. Use a small container or bucket filled with salt water, and swirl the coral in the water to remove any remaining debris.

Clean with a mild solution:

If there are any stubborn stains or dirt on the coral, clean it with a mild solution. Mix a small amount of mild cleaning solution with salt water, and use a soft-bristled brush to scrub the coral.

Rinse again:

After cleaning, rinse the soft coral thoroughly with salt water to remove any cleaning solution residue.

Air dry:

Once you’ve rinsed the coral, let it air dry completely before placing it back in your tank. Don’t use microfiber clothes or other materials to dry the coral, as these can leave behind fibers or lint that can irritate the coral.

Remember to handle soft coral with care, as it’s delicate and easily damaged. By following these steps, you can keep your soft coral clean and healthy.


Taking proper care of your coral is essential to keep it looking its best. Whether you have coral jewelry or a decorative piece in your home, regular cleaning and maintenance can help preserve its natural beauty and prolong its lifespan.

By following the steps outlined in this expert guide, you can confidently clean your coral and keep it in top condition.